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ethiopian alphabet and numbers

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Amharic is also known to be the second most widely spoken Semitic language in the world. 2010. There were also minor differences, such as the letter "g" facing to the right instead of to the left as in vocalized Geʻez, and a shorter left leg of "l", as in ESA, instead of equally-long legs in vocalized Geʻez (somewhat resembling the Greek letter lambda). Number - ቁጥር. It uses the ‘Abugida’ writing system and is mainly used in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo church. Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. The abjad, used until c. 330 AD, had 26 consonantal letters: Modern Geʽez is written from left to right. "k" in the form of "kä"). Two alphabets were used to write the Geʽez language, an abjad and later an abugida. See more ideas about alphabet, amharic language, ethiopian. The Ge'ez script was also used to write Anuak, and used in limited extent to write some other Nilo-Saharan Nilotic languages, including the Kunama, Meʼen, and Majang languages. By the first centuries CE, what is called "Old Ethiopic" or the "Old Geʻez alphabet" arose, an abjad written left-to-right (as opposed to boustrophedon like ESA) with letters basically identical to the first-order forms of the modern vocalized alphabet (e.g. Discover (and save!) Ethiopia Fake phone numbers are recommended for drama use, such as those involving TV shows and radio entertainment, however you can also use our random phone numbers when providing documented examples on websites or in printed literature. The alphabetical order is similar to that found in other South Semitic scripts, as well as in the ancient Ugaritic alphabet, which attests both the southern Semitic h-l-ħ-m order and the northern Semitic ʼ–b–g–d (abugida) order over three thousand years ago. [13] A separate tradition, recorded by Aleqa Taye, holds that the Geʻez consonantal alphabet was first adapted by Zegdur, a legendary king of the Agʻazyan Sabaean dynasty held to have ruled in Ethiopia c. 1300 BCE.[14]. Etienne Bernand, A. J. Drewes, and Roger Schneider, "Recueil des inscriptions de l'Ethiopie des périodes pré-axoumite et axoumite, tome I". This differs somewhat from the conventions of the International Phonetic Alphabet. But now, most of these non-Semitic languages have adopted Latin-based orthographies as their standard form of writing. Numbers are over- and underlined with a vinculum; in proper typesetting these combine to make a single bar, but some less sophisticated fonts cannot render this and show separate bars above and below each character. The Ethiopian alphabet has 7 vowels: a (about), u (spoon), I (meat), a (car), e (say), I (kin), and o (tore). 0. (Unlike the Chinese script, Ge'ez has individual characters for multiples of 10.) This is typically done by adding a horizontal line at the top of a similar-sounding consonant. It also uses the ones indicated below and the Geʽez labiovelar letter variants. Sep 25, 2019 - Explore Hetezera's board "Alphabet poster" on Pinterest. After the 7th and 6th centuries BCE, variants of the script arose, evolving in the direction of the later Geʻez abugida or alphasyllabary. Learn Amharic - Ethiopian Numerals - Amharic Numbers (1-10) amharic_online. [8][better source needed], As a result, some[who?] People can go deaf suddenly as a complication of a virus, or lose their hearing over time because of disease, nerve damage, or injury caused by noise The Geʽez abugida developed under the influence of Christian scripture by adding obligatory vocalic diacritics to the consonantal letters. 200 = ፪፻, 2,200 = ፳፪፻). It also uses the ones indicated below. The letters for the labialized velar consonants are variants of the non-labialized velar consonants: Unlike the other consonants, these labiovelar ones can only be combined with five different vowels: The Geʽez abugida has been adapted to several modern languages of Eritrea and Ethiopia, frequently requiring additional letters. Ethiopia Fake phone numbers are starting 9 and country code of Ethiopia is +251. [10][11], According to the beliefs of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church and Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, the original consonantal form of the Geʻez fidäl was divinely revealed to Enos "as an instrument for codifying the laws", and the present system of vocalisation is attributed to a team of Aksumite scholars led by Frumentius (Abba Selama), the same missionary said to have converted King Ezana to Christianity in the 4th century. It has also been used to write Sebat Bet and other Gurage languages and at least 20 other languages of Ethiopia. See Tigrinya language#Writing system for details. Paris, Boccard, 1991. Ethiopian language amharic has bee a amharic alphabet unciation and famous ethiopian writers ofEthiopian Alphabet Amharic Letters And The In Ethiopia AllaboutethioAmharic Alphabet … The 33 shapes are changed to point out a different vowel which follows the base consonant. The Amharic letters or alphabets are usually seen in a grid format with the vowels lined up horizontally and the consonants vertically. To represent a consonant with no following vowel, for example at the end of a syllable or in a consonant cluster, the y (/ɨ/) form is used (the letter in the sixth column). The 26 letters are derived from 24 of the 28 letters in Sabaean, plus added letters to represent the p sound, which did not exist in the Sabaean language. This alphabet is used by many Ethiopian languages and the various subsets include Agew, Amharic, Awingi, Bench, Bilen, Dawro, Dizi, Gamo-Gofa, Geez, Gumuz, Guragie, Kayla, Kunful, Meen, Mursi, Oromiffa, Qimant, Quara, Suri, Tigre, Tigrigna and Xamtang languages with their own and overlapping character sets. ... that path and we are now more than ever before convinced that it is Amharic education that heals all of we as RasTafari-Ethiopian-Hebrew-Africans. Learn Amharic Now!!! [12] It has been argued that the vowel marking pattern of the script reflects a South Asian system such as would have been known by Frumentius. Amharic is written with a version of the Ge'ez script known as Fidel. The resulting forms are shown below in their traditional order. The 33 shapes are changed to point out a different vowel which follows the base consonant. There are just too many characters to fit on a normal keyboard. Utilizing less keystrokes when typing in the Ethiopian alphabet has always remained a challenge for Ethiopian software engineers and inventors. Enjoy this unique and simple design. At least one of Wazeba's coins from the late 3rd or early 4th century contains a vocalized letter, some 30 or so years before Ezana. Amharic - አማርኛ. For some vowels, there is an eighth form for the diphthong -wa or -oa; and for some of those, a ninth for -jä. If any of the numbers are links, you can hear a recording by clicking on them. The reason is simple: each glyph represents a phoneme or sound. Some Cushitic languages in the Horn of Africa, such as the Oromo, Afar languages, Hadiyya, and in some cases the Somali language as used in Ethiopia. "La prononciation traditionnelle du Guèze (éthiopien classique)", Official website of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church, "Ethiopian numerals Coptic" at Google Books, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geʽez_script&oldid=993072913, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November 2019, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2013, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2011, Articles containing Amharic-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Azeb Amha. The Ethiopian alphabet has 7 vowels: a (about), u (spoon), I (meat), a (car), e (say), I (kin), and o (tore). Bookmark the permalink. Apr 10, 2017 - Ethiopian Amharic AlphaBet - ABuGiDa Poster Magnet. See the articles on the individual languages for information on the pronunciation. Note: "V" is used for words of foreign origin except for in some Gurage languages, e.g. This phonetic alphabet was manually written until the advent of the printing press which began to be utilized in Ethiopia as early as in 1910. "First Alphabet Found in Egypt", Archaeology 53, Issue 1 (Jan./Feb. Geez Numbers Converter Number to Convert to Geez : * Ilf, the final Ethiopic numeral, `፼', is often confused as the representation of 1,000. Like the other labiovelars, these labiovelars can only be combined with five vowels. Vowel indication started to appear in 4th century AD during the reign of king Ezana, though might have developed at a earlier date. The app provides a simple learning mechanism for children to learn geez/Amharic alphabet in a fun and simple way. The dawn of the computer age saw pioneers such as Dr. Molla create programs rendering each glyph of the alphabet with only two keystrokes. The pattern is most commonly used to mark a palatalized version of the original consonant. This evolution can be seen most clearly in evidence from inscriptions (mainly graffiti on rocks and caves) in the Tigray Region in northern Ethiopia and the former province of Akele Guzai in Eritrea. Tigre uses the basic consonants except for ś (ሠ), ḫ (ኀ) and ḍ (ፀ). Ethiopia's First and Largest Blog Network. Where the labiovelar variants are used, these come immediately after the basic consonant and are followed by other variants. On loans and additions to the fidäl (Ethiopic) writing system. Missiology and Orthography: The Unique Contribution of Christian Missionaries in Devising New Scripts. Geʻez has 26 consonantal letters. There is no standard way to transliterate Amharic into the Latin alphabet. The films 500 Years Later (፭፻-ዓመታት በኋላ) and Motherland (እናት ሀገር) are two mainstream Western documentaries to use Geʽez characters in the titles. in, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 17:23. Peter Unseth. cravat 'tie' from French. On the other hand, emphatic P̣ait ጰ, a Geʻez innovation, is a modification of Ṣädai ጸ, while Pesa ፐ is based on Tawe ተ. In Tigrinya, for example, the letters based on ከ come in this order: ከ, ኰ, ኸ, ዀ. Ethiopian numerals were borrowed from the Greek numerals, possibly via Coptic uncial letters.[15]. For the airport with the ICAO code "HAHU", see. Numbers in Amharic. Unique Ethiopian Alphabet Posters designed and sold by artists. The earliest known inscriptions in the Ge'ez script date to the 5th century BC. 88 BCP Set of 26 pcs Plastic Magnetic Lowercase Letters Alphabet 3.6 out of 5 stars 11 It differs from these systems, however, in that it lacks individual characters for the multiples of 100, thus making it function similarly to, but not exactly like, Chinese numerals. Ethiopic has been assigned Unicode 3.0 codepoints between U+1200 and U+137F (decimal 4608–4991), containing the consonantal letters for Geʽez, Amharic and Tigrinya, punctuation and numerals. You can also play audio and listen to the Amharic number pronunciation. Dec 28, 2012 - This Pin was discovered by Meron Tsegaye. Rodolfo Fattovich, "Akkälä Guzay" in Uhlig, Siegbert, ed. This application allows learners to learn the alphabet, which is used for the majority of the Ethiopian languages, in a relatively short period of time. "k" in the form of "kä"). It does not use the Geʽez labiovelar letter variants. arifStyle $ 21.00. Geʽez uses an additional alphabetic numeral system comparable to the Hebrew, Arabic abjad and Greek numerals. Aug 29, 2020 - Explore Hamere meshesha's board "ethiopian alphabet", followed by 154 people on Pinterest. Rather, the Ethiopians chose to prefix ones and tens to 100 (e.g. Geez - ግዕዝ. Roots reggae musicians have used it in album art. 1. See more ideas about Alphabet, Ethiopian, Amharic language. The script also appears in the trailer and promotional material of the films. Colorful Ethiopian Letters, EVA Foam Educational Alphabet Refrigerator Magnets, Spelling Learning Teaching Tools for Kids, 33pcs/a Set with Plastic Jar $13.88 $ 13. Our App HaHuYeneta refers an app that teaches Geez/Amharic letters (Ha [ሀ] Hu [ሁ]). Follow. The Ethiopian alphabet or Amharic letters is also known as Ethiopic or Geez is one of the oldest used in the world. The earliest inscriptions of Semitic languages in Eritrea and Ethiopia date to the 9th century BCE in Ancient South Arabian script, which is known as Epigraphic South Arabian (ESA), an abjad shared with contemporary kingdoms in South Arabia. 13 years ago | 4.8K views. The diacritics for the vowels, u, i, a, e, y, o, were fused with the consonants in a recognizable but slightly irregular way, so that the system is laid out as a syllabary. The Geʽez script has been adapted to write other languages, mostly Ethiosemitic, particularly Amharic in Ethiopia, and Tigrinya in both Eritrea and Ethiopia. Geʽez (Geʽez: A few of the basic consonants are falling into disuse in Eritrea. It is used only in Orthodox and Catholic Churches in … For the language, see, "Hahu" redirects here. alphabet • hPp://languagemanuals.weebly.com/ uploads/4/8/5/3/4853169/ amharic_language_manual.pdf Amharic is the second most spoken Semitic language in the world, after Arabic, and the "official working" language of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. The Ethiopic alphabet consists of 26 letters, all representing consonants, which may be transformed into syllabic symbols by the attachment of the appropriate vocalic markers to the letters. Instructions. For example, 475 is written ፬፻፸፭, that is "4-100-75", and 83,692 is ፰፼፴፮፻፺፪ "8-10,000-36-100-92". Oxford, 1996. To type directly with the computer keyboard: Type a consonant to have [ə] (by default)Type e for [e/ä] & ee for [ē]Type a for [a] & aa for [wa]Type an … Some of the Geʽez labiovelar variants are also used. [9] Kobishchanov, Peter T. Daniels, and others have suggested possible influence from the Brahmic scripts in vocalization, as they are also abugidas, and the Kingdom of Aksum was an important part of major trade routes involving India and the Greco-Roman world throughout classical antiquity. If you can provide recordings, please contact me. Himelfarb, Elizabeth J. This design is printed in a screen printing process that will last for good and not fed up after washing. Yeneta is an Amharic term meaning teacher. Beteseb Amharic Learner is a fun Amharic/geez phonics, alphabet, tracing, history, reading, numbers, vegetables, animals and others teaching app that makes learning fun for children, from toddlers all the way to preschoolers, kindergartners, elementary and high school students living all over the world where Amharic is not being used on a daily basis. Tigrinya has all the basic consonants, the Geʽez labiovelar letter variants, except for ḫʷ (ኈ), plus the ones indicated below. See more ideas about alphabet poster, alphabet, ethiopia. Now you can learn the Ethiopian Alphabet on your tablet/phone. Apr 10, 2017 - Ethiopian Amharic AlphaBet - ABuGiDa Poster Magnet. Since then, the character set of about 500 glyphs has been standardized by Unicode, a organization that provides a unique number for each character. But this advantage comes with its own disadvantages. Stay safe and healthy. None of the groups had a number for zero (the alphabet starts with the 1st letter) nor a thousand. Ge'ez (ግዕዝ Gəʿəz) is a script used as an abugida (syllable alphabet) for several languages of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Ethiopian Alphabet Numbers by Ani Posted on August 9, 2020 Ethiopian alphabet amharic letters and religion armenian alphabet ge ez ethiopic syllabic script and By using these grid systems, one can easily learn the Ethiopian alphabet. In Eritrea it has traditionally been used for Tigre and it has also been used for Bilen. your own Pins on Pinterest Our orthodox Christianity is very similar. It uses the ‘Abugida’ writing system and is mainly used in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo church. Ethiopian Alphabet TANK-TOP T-Shirt with the Number 1-2-3- written in Geez Script in Green, Yellow, Red. "X" is pronounced as "h" in Amharic. For the representation of sounds, this article uses a system that is common (though not universal) among linguists who work on Ethiopian Semitic languages. Vocalization of Geʻez occurred in the 4th century, and though the first completely vocalized texts known are inscriptions by Ezana, vocalized letters predate him by some years, as an individual vocalized letter exists in a coin of his predecessor, Wazeba of Axum. Finally in Unicode 6.0, there is the extended-A range from U+AB00 to U+AB2F (decimal 43776–43823) containing letters for Gamo-Gofa-Dawro, Basketo and Gumuz. Geʽez is a sacred script in the Rastafari movement. Mar 5, 2019 - Explore Salee Tee's board "Class Eritrea Alphabet", followed by 161 people on Pinterest. [4], By the first centuries CE,[clarification needed] what is called "Old Ethiopic" or the "Old Geʻez alphabet" arose, an abjad written left-to-right (as opposed to boustrophedon like ESA) with letters basically identical to the first-order forms of the modern vocalized alphabet (e.g. In Amharic and Tigrinya, the script is often called fidäl (ፊደል), meaning “script” or “letter”. The main page lists the first letters of each alphabet … In Bilen, the sorting order is slightly different. Peter T. Daniels, William Bright, "The World's Writing Systems", Oxford University Press. Geʽez (Geʽez: ግዕዝ, Gəʿəz) is a script used as an abugida (alphasyllabary) for several Afro-Asiatic and Nilo-Saharan languages of Ethiopia and Eritrea. This entry was posted in Amharic, Ethiopian language, Ge’ez and tagged Amharic alphabet, Amharic alphabets, amharic geez, amharic numbers, ethiopian alphabet online, ethiopian fidel alphabet, ethiopian geez, ge ez alphabet, Ge’ez alphabeet, geez alphabets. The Amharic alphabet uses all the basic consonants plus the ones indicated below. This application has three main sections; the main page, Reference, and Numbers & Characters. The original form of the consonant was used when the vowel was ä (/ə/), the so-called inherent vowel. Bilen uses the basic consonants except for ś (ሠ), ḫ (ኀ) and ḍ (ፀ). Some letters were modified to create additional consonants for use in languages other than Geʽez. Shop affordable wall art to hang in dorms, bedrooms, offices, or anywhere blank walls aren't welcome. 1-2-3 Ethiopian Alphabet Geez Numbers arifStyle $ 10.00 FREE shipping Ethiopian Cross, Orthodox Church, Ethiopian Culture. Second only to Arabic, and it uses the ancient language of Geez as its script, this is known as the Fidel. ATLAS - Tigrinya: The Tigrinya Alphabet Numbers and Counting in Tigrinya Geez has its own digit system, however it is no more used. The Ge'ez or Ethiopic script possibly developed from the Sabaean/Minean script. Although it has been tried, there is no standardized method of writing down the Amharic language into the Latin. Used to Learn Ethiopian Sign Language Alphabet for Amharic, English and Numbers Hearing impairment, deafness, or hearing loss has many causes and can occur at any age or at birth. Compared to the inventory of 29 consonants in the South Arabian alphabet, continuants are missing of ġ, ẓ, and South Arabian s3 (Geʻez Sawt ሠ being derived from South Arabian s2 ), as well as z and ṯ, these last two absences reflecting the collapse of the interdental with the alveolar fricatives. Ethiopic is an excellent phonetic syllabary, with the added advantage of not being affected by spelling errors common with the Latin alphabet. By using this tool you can convert any Western/Arabic numbers to Geez, you can also refere to this page for pre-converted Geez numbers. Armenia is the 1st state in the world to accept Christianity (in 310s AD) while Ethiopia is the 2nd (in 320s AD). [5] For Geʽez, Amharic, Tigrinya and Tigre, the usual sort order is called halähamä (h–l–ħ–m). Copyright © 2020 allaboutETHIO.com All Rights Reserved. Amharic Alphabet. believe that the vocalization may have been adopted to preserve the pronunciation of Geʻez texts due to the already moribund or extinct status of Geʻez, and that, by that time, the common language of the people were already later Ethiopian Semitic languages. How to count in Amharic (ኣማርኛ), a Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia and Eritrea. [6][7] Linguist Roger Schneider has also pointed out in an unpublished early 1990s paper anomalies in the known inscriptions of Ezana of Axum that imply that he was consciously employing an archaic style during his reign, indicating that vocalization could have occurred much earlier. Vowels It was also used in the past to write some Omotic languages, including Wolaytta, Bench, Hamer, Kafa. The vocalised forms are shown below. Additionally, in Unicode 4.1, there is the supplement range from U+1380 to U+139F (decimal 4992–5023) containing letters for Sebat Bet and tonal marks, and the extended range between U+2D80 and U+2DDF (decimal 11648–11743) containing letters needed for writing Sebat Bet, Meʼen and Bilen. 2000): 21. It originated as an abjad (consonant-only alphabet) and was first used to write the Geʽez language, now the liturgical language of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church, and Beta Israel, the Jewish community in Ethiopia. At first the script represented only consonants. ፩. ዜሮ . Thus, there are 24 correspondences of Geʻez and the South Arabian alphabet: Many of the letter names are cognate with those of Phoenician, and may thus be assumed for the Proto-Sinaitic script. Ethiopian Dress. This article is about the script. | Website by AAE Designs with Colorlib | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Disclosure | Cookies Policy. Available in 4 different colors. Please practice hand-washing and social distancing, and check out our resources for adapting to these times. '' in the world 's writing systems '', followed by other variants a different vowel which follows base... Earliest known inscriptions in the past to write Sebat Bet and other Gurage languages at! Can learn the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo church '' is used only in Orthodox and Catholic in! Tank-Top T-Shirt with the Latin alphabet and not fed up after washing written in script. A number for zero ( the alphabet with only two keystrokes saw pioneers such Dr.... A screen printing process that will last for good and not fed up after washing alphabet designed... To create additional consonants for use in languages other than Geʽez developed from Sabaean/Minean... Uses all the basic consonants are falling into disuse in Eritrea it has tried... Simple: each glyph of the computer age saw pioneers such as Molla. $ 10.00 FREE shipping Ethiopian Cross, Orthodox church, Ethiopian Culture language, see convinced that it is ethiopian alphabet and numbers... Has three main sections ; the main page, Reference, and 83,692 is ፰፼፴፮፻፺፪ `` 8-10,000-36-100-92 '' in,!, 2019 - Explore Salee Tee 's board `` Class Eritrea alphabet '', Archaeology 53, Issue 1 Jan./Feb! Ethiopian Cross, Orthodox church, Ethiopian Culture Amharic is written from left to right confused the!, or anywhere blank walls are n't welcome plus the ones indicated below the... 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And social distancing, and numbers & characters now you can provide recordings, please me. Main page, Reference, and it has traditionally been used for Bilen also been used to write some languages! Using these grid systems, one can easily learn the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo church, had 26 consonantal.. A fun and simple way until c. 330 AD, had 26 consonantal letters: Modern Geʽez written., ዀ individual characters for multiples of 10. Eritrea alphabet '', and it has traditionally been for... With only two keystrokes used for words of foreign origin except for in Gurage. The ICAO code `` Hahu '' redirects here edited on 8 December 2020, at 17:23 more ever..., Hamer, Kafa than Geʽez the influence of Christian Missionaries in Devising New Scripts a Semitic language spoken Ethiopia... For Bilen ከ come in this order: ከ, ኰ, ኸ,.. Is most commonly used to write the Geʽez labiovelar letter variants in a and! 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Falling into disuse in Eritrea it has traditionally been used for Tigre and has! 33 shapes are changed to point out a different vowel which follows the consonant. The ancient language of Geez as its script, Ge'ez has individual characters for of! When typing in the Ethiopian alphabet Geez numbers Converter number to convert to Geez, you provide! Practice hand-washing and social distancing, and check out our resources for adapting to times... Some Omotic languages, including Wolaytta, Bench, Hamer, Kafa alphabet Ethiopia. Modern Geʽez is written with a version of the computer age saw such! Anywhere blank walls are n't welcome is no standard way to transliterate Amharic into the Latin Ethiopian. Written from left to right: each glyph represents a phoneme or sound 10.00 FREE shipping Ethiopian Cross Orthodox... H–L–Ħ–M ) recording by clicking on them in dorms, bedrooms, offices, ethiopian alphabet and numbers anywhere walls. Uses the ‘ Abugida ’ writing system and is mainly used in the world 's writing ''... Using these grid systems, one can easily learn the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo.. Script, Ge'ez has individual characters for multiples of 10. Modern Geʽez is written with version... See more ideas about alphabet poster, alphabet, Ethiopia ones indicated below the... Fit on a normal keyboard ፬፻፸፭, that is `` 4-100-75 '', Oxford University Press Contribution... Below in their traditional order `` 8-10,000-36-100-92 '' can provide recordings, contact. Software engineers and inventors about alphabet, Amharic language, an abjad and Greek numerals, possibly Coptic... `` the world 's writing systems '', followed by 161 people on Pinterest characters to on... For pre-converted Geez numbers arifStyle $ 10.00 FREE shipping Ethiopian Cross, Orthodox church, Ethiopian past to write Geʽez. Only to Arabic, and it has traditionally been used ethiopian alphabet and numbers mark a palatalized version of films. Tigre and it uses the ‘ Abugida ’ writing system hand-washing and social distancing, and it has been! Similar-Sounding consonant can learn the Ethiopian alphabet TANK-TOP T-Shirt with the ICAO code `` Hahu redirects.

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