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facts about the cocoa industry

The world’s highest producers of cocoa are found in western Africa, southern Asia, and South America. This is why you often see cocoa trees planted amongst mango and papaya trees. The Cocoa Processing Company (CPC), a largely state-owned processing plant, in the 2014/2015 crop year had to import 15,500 metric tonnes of light crop cocoa beans from Côte d’ Ivoire to stay afloat. The global chocolate industry in 2010 made $83.2 billion, $20 billion of this coming from the United States (Markets and Markets nd). It takes about 400 cocoa beans to make one pound of chocolate. According to the National Confectioners Association, it takes approximately 400 cocoa beans to make one pound of chocolate. As it takes about 400 cocoa beans to make one pound of chocolate, this is equivalent to 1 to 3 pounds of chocolate. While Americans consume an impressive amount of chocolate (especially on holidays like Halloween, Easter, and Valentine's Day), the world's leading consumers of the sweet treat are in Europe, with Switzerland heading up the list at 19.4 pounds per capita. After fermenting and drying, the beans are then processed. Key facts about Ghana’s cocoa industry. The scientific name of the cacao tree literally translates to “food of the gods.” Approximately 20% of all the chocolate consumed in the US is dark chocolate. Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire) leads the world in production and export of the cocoa beans used in the manufacture of chocolate, as of 2012, supplying 38% of cocoa produced in the world. The Top 10 Most Impressive Chocolate Statistics and Facts The Olmecs of Mexico were the first civilization to use cacao beans in 1500 BC. The seemingly unabating troubles of CPC pushed management to shut down two of its processing plants. The chocolate industry’s production is based primarily out of western Africa, where climatic conditions are ideal for cocoa bean production in nations like the Ivory Coast, Ghana and Nigeria. At that time, West African cacao growers soon took over a larger proportion of the global share of cocoa bean production. Where does cocoa come from?Cocoa is the essential ingredient for our chocolate.It originates from the seeds (cocoa beans) of the cocoa fruits (cocoa pods), which grow on cocoa trees. This is the cocoa powder. It connects these families to a global market, driven by strong, consistent demand. Their method of choice for consuming cocoa was in a highly-prized traditional drink. “No one would ever say that to a producer of grapes for fine wine,” Martin says. Disease had wiped out much of the cocoa crop in Brazil, once a leading cocoa exporter. A 2016 report analyzing the US chocolate candy market found that sales of super premium chocolate — defined as chocolate sold at more than $1.50 per ounce or more than $24 per pound — hit $55 million that year, a 15.4% increase from the year before. This means that each cacao tree produces anywhere from 400 to 1,200 cocoa beans every year. 3. [26] To date, the industry has done little to remove child labor, let alone aid survivors of child labor. The Ivory Coast in Africa accounts for 33% of world cocoa production alone. Child labor on cocoa farms is an ongoing issue that's a product of high demand and the low global price for cocoa. Subscriber 1. When Spanish explorers landed in the Americas in the 1600s, they also grew fond of the drink, and they spread a love for chocolate into Europe, where it became, and has remained, extremely popular. Wild cacao still grows there. The dossier includes an introduction of the market and information about the products. Around 85% of all cocoa beans come from small, family-owned farms. The Seattle Times reported that in West Africa, where two-thirds of the world's cocoa is produced, deforestation of tropical rainforests has accelerated in the past decade. Heat waves, droughts, and excessive rainfall caused by climate change will likely make it harder for cocoa trees to keep up their current production levels. Chocolate is one of the world's favorite foods. Fifteen years ago, representatives of the international cocoa industry signed the Harkin-Engel Protocol “to eliminate the worst forms of child labor in the cocoa sectors of Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire.” The Protocol provides a framework for … Key Facts About the Chocolate Industry The top ten global confectionery companies that manufacture chocolate, by net confectionery sales value in 2018: (International Cocoa Organization) Premium chocolate amounts to 18% of dollar sales in the global market. And although it's never really a bad time to talk about chocolate, it's especially relevant now: November 29 is National Chocolate Day, after all. One of the main reasons for this is an emerging middle class in China. The pre-Colombian Mayans were the first people to discover the tasty properties of the cocoa bean. This film explores the unfairness at the heart of the chocolate industry and how Fairtrade is working towards a living income for cocoa farmers. Though cocoa beans are grown and harvested in the tropics, European countries play a larger role in the actual processing of the beans into consumer products. Key facts about Ghana’s cocoa industry. During processing, the inside of the bean, known as a “nib,” melts into “cocoa liquor” (which is not alcoholic). Cocoa beans grow best in hot, tropical, climates near the equator. Cocoa beans are left to ferment for up to a week, which is when they develop their familiar chocolaty flavor. Chocolate is also the most popular flavour in the United States, with 52% of adult Americans saying that chocolate was … For example, the Ivory Coast tightened its regulations of the industry in late 2014, as it restricted production in an effort to keep prices high, and set a guaranteed minimum price as a means to protect its small cacao farmers. The Guardian recently reported that workers in the $100 billion chocolate industry earn, on average, less than $1 per day, often working in harsh heat with no shade and exposed to high levels of pesticides. current cocoa production of around 4,500 metric tons in 2012 but which reached around 6,500 metric ton in 2011. In West Africa, Latin America and Southeast Asia, cocoa is an important “cash crop”, providing income to more than 4.5 million families worldwide. Attributed in part to favorable weather conditions, cocoa production is set to reach a record high in 2019, which isn't necessarily good news for the chocolate industry. By Jessica Lynn on April 25 2017 in Economics. Global production of cocoa beans increased by 13% in the four years following 2008, reaching 4.8 million metric tons in 2012. Indonesian cocoa farming community built a giant statue of hands holding a cocoa pod Cocoa trees need to be planted next to tall trees in order to protect them from direct sunlight. For reference, a Hershey's milk chocolate bar weighs 1.55 ounces. Read on for eight surprising facts about the chocolate industry. Factors attributed to this increase include consumers' view of premium chocolate as an accessible indulgence, paired with an expanding selection of premium confectionery products available online. cocoa industry, Mondelez International (owner of Cadbury and other global brands), has expressed an interest in purchasing around 10,000 metric tons of cocoa from the Solomon Islands – c.f. Total production: Total production from 450 000 tons in 2000 to 900 000 tons in 2010. Chocolate is dependent on cocoa, or cacao beans. Cocoa liquor is the product sent to factories to be made into chocolate candy, cocoa powder, and other favorite consumer products. Robinson had beautiful handwriting, and his flowering script is still used today. ISSOUF SANOGO/AFP via Getty Images According to the National Confectioners Association, it takes approximately 400 cocoa beans to make one pound of chocolate. For example, Brazilian beans are always inspected. Importers also regulate what kinds of pesticides may be used by supplying growers on their beans. Subscribe to our daily newsletter to get more of it. Account active However, the rate of increase in production may soon slow, as cocoa trees are highly sensitive to changing weather. After pushback from the courts and other key players in the industry, he sought out four boys who had worked as slaves on a cocoa farm in Ivory Coast to testify against him. Indonesia is the world's third largest producer of cacao, but many of its growers have never tasted chocolate: the seeds are usually exported before fermentation for use in industry, like cosmetics. From December to March, when it blows too hard it can destroy the small cocoa pods, compromising the harvest. Related links: http://faostat3.fao.org/home/E; Date: 16/02/2015 Read on for eight surprising facts about the chocolate industry. The story of chocolate. Other big producers include Indonesia, Malaysia, Ghana, Brazil, and Ecuador. A plan to eliminate child labor in the industry exists. Industry has effectively told cocoa producers that they either can’t—or shouldn’t—be involved in evaluating the quality of the raw materials. Other big producers include Indonesia, Malaysia, Ghana, Brazil, and Ecuador. In both countries, the majority of farms are small and family-owned. Everyone loves chocolate, or at least this assumption would seem evident from the increase in global cocoa production over the past several years. The production of cocoa begins in the tropical regions around the Equator, where the hot and humid climate is well suited for growing cocoa trees. Farmers bear the physical burden of the cacao harvest and uncertainties inherent in cultivating cacao, but only receive about 6% of each chocolate bar's sale price while manufacturers and retailers keep 80%. The long-term industry outlook is also bright — sales are expected to rise through 2020 and beyond. Ghana became the largest cocoa producer in the world in 1910. The world’s highest producers of cocoa are found in western Africa, southern Asia, and South America. Around 85% of all cocoa beans come from small, family-owned farms. 2. The deforestation is largely attributed to hundreds of thousands of poor cocoa farmers looking to expand their plots to grow more cacao trees. Spaniards planted cocoa trees in their other tropical colonies as well, but global production remained concentrated in South America through the beginning of the Twentieth Century. In fact, the opposite is true, as this increased production will not likely be met with an increased demand for the product and will therefore keep global prices low. Total production: Total production from 450,000 tons in 2000 to 900,000 tons in 2010. Cocoa beans grow in pods on trees, and each of these pods contains anywhere from 20 to 50 beans (for reference, it takes about 400 beans to make one pound of chocolate). Your choice empowers cocoa farmers to support themselves and their families, protect the future of cocoa and the environment we share. In 2016, the U.S. chocolate market was expected to reach $22 billion in projected sales. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The world’s highest producers of cocoa are found in western Africa, southern Asia, and South America, The World’s Largest Oil Reserves By Country, Top Cotton Producing Countries In The World. Over-supply and lower prices Cocoa is the main ingredient in chocolate and cocoa bean production largely determines pricing, trade balance and future contracts. Alongside production, global demand is sharply increasing as well. Throughout its centuries-long evolution, one factor has remained consistent and cocoa has attracted devotees worldwide. since. The Ivory Coast continues to be the world's largest producer of cacao, with an estimated 2.12 million metric tons for this year's harvest. As a tree will generally grow between 2,500 and 3,000 beans, the chocolate industry needs a fair few forests to pick from! The cocoa bean, also called cacao bean, cocoa, and cacao, is the dried and fully fermented seed of Theobroma cacao. In comparison, the $1.9 billion premium chocolate market grew by 4.6% in 2016 and the $8.9 billion everyday chocolate market only grew 0.3% in 2016. The Netherlands, for example, processes 13% of the world’s cocoa. * The International Cocoa Organization, or ICCO, estimates that there are approximately 14 million people directly involved in cocoa production. In the United States, beans from certain countries or certain farms are automatically held for inspection, to make sure the beans are not infested with insects or chemicals. In fact, to make a pound of solid chocolate, you’ll need around 400 cacao beans! In Ghana, the cocoa industry began in the late 19th century and in Côte d'Ivoire it began in the early 20th century. * Globally, 6.6 billion pounds of cocoa were produced in the 99/00 harvest season. Indonesian. Cocoa is the product that is made from it. Most countries that import cocoa products and beans have quality and sanitary standards, as they do for most other food products. See where you can buy Fairtrade chocolate. Cocoa beans grow best in hot, tropical, climates near the equator. Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) is the main ingredient in chocolate, from the cocoa tree. World cocoa production and chocolate products exports and imports. Coca-Cola was first marketed as a nerve tonic that “relieves exhaustion.” Jumping. U.S. chocolate sales The chocolate market is “dynamic and growing,” according to Packaged Facts. Facts about Fair Trade and the Cocoa Industry. Though cocoa beans are grown and harvested in the tropics, European countries play a larger role in the actual processing of the … Today, over 4.5 million tons of cocoa beans are consumed annually around the globe, in everything from drinks to candy bars. The report entitled “Cocoa Processing Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2020-2025” provides a comprehensive insight into the historical and current trends in the cocoa processing industry. Like what you see here? This dossier presents a range of statistics and facts about the Swedish coffee, tea and cocoa industry. In other cocoa growing regions, inef-fective farming … In the late 1990s, the chocolate and cocoa industry became increasingly concerned about the issues facing cocoa farmers. The International Cocoa organization has also found that Americans eat an average of 11 pounds of it and spending a total of $20 billion each year. The chocolate industry is also being called upon to develop and financially support programs to rescue and rehabilitate children who have been sold to cocoa farms. 1. By 1980 Côte d'Ivoire overtook Ghana as the biggest producer. 70% of the world’s cocoa beans come from four Cacao trees yield an average of 20 to 30 pods per year, and each pod contains 20 to 40 cocoa beans. Exporting countries have regulations of their own in order to protect their interests in the industry. The story references a 2015 US Labor Department report which detailed that more than 2 million children were engaged in dangerous labor — including swinging machetes, carrying heavy loads, and spraying pesticides — in cocoa-growing regions in West Africa. GDP contribution: Most important export crop, which accounted for 8.2 percent of the country’s GDP and 30 percent of total export earnings in 2010. Cocoa beans quickly became popular among many people groups in South America. The cocoa powder can still contain up to 10% of cocoa butter and will be sold bulk or as an ingredient for bakers, along with chocolatiers. As there are 16 ounces in a pound, that means about 10 Hershey's bars equal one pound of chocolate, with about 40 cocoa beans going into each bar. 2. The Washington Post reported earlier this year that the world's biggest chocolate companies have consistently missed several deadlines to remove child labor from their cocoa supply chains. I ndeed, wine and chocolate production have very different histories. The Ivory Coast has lost an estimated 80% of its forests over the last 50 years. While Americans consume an impressive amount of chocolate, the world's leading consumers of the sweet treat are in Europe, Attributed in part to favorable weather conditions, expanding selection of premium confectionery products, only receive about 6% of each chocolate bar's sale price, I'm a driver for both Uber and Lyft — here are 7 reasons Uber is the clear winner for me, 11 things you should never say to your bartender. Visit Insider's homepage for more stories. A leading-edge research firm focused on digital transformation. From there, the chocolate and cocoa industry exploded in popularity and quickly spread around the world. GDP contribution: Most important export crop, which accounted for 8.2 percent of the country’s GDP and 30 percent of total export earnings in 2010. The European Union and the United States are the biggest importers of post-processing chocolate. It originate in the foothills of the Andes in the Amazon and Orinoco basins of South America, in Colombia and Venezuela. But behind one of our favorite foods is a $103 billion industry with aspects most people don't know about — some sweet, and others that might leave a bitter taste in your mouth. Ricardo Beliel/Brazil Photos/LightRocket via Getty Images, Godong/Universal Images Group via Getty Images. After the cocoa butter is removed, a pressed cake is left. Farmers use a long, steel harvester to collect the pods from the trees, then split the pods open using a knife or hammer in order to extract the beans. It's followed closely behind by Germany (17.8 pounds per capita), Ireland (17.4 pounds per capita), the United Kingdom (16.8 pounds per capita), and Sweden (14.6 pounds per capita). A small amount of cocoa butter is sold to the cosmetics industry. "As a result, the odds are substantial that a chocolate bar bought in the United States is the product of child labor," The Post wrote. Here are some facts on Indonesia’s cocoa industry: PRODUCTION AREA Indonesia has around 1.5 million to 1.6 million hectares of cocoa plantations, double the 2000 figure of … Think about how many trees you would need to make than amount of chocolate! The Ivory Coast in Africa accounts for 33% of world cocoa production alone. Though U.S. pharmacist John S. Pemberton invented Coca-Cola in 1886, his bookkeeper, Frank Robinson invented the name. 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